A hormonal disorder known as PCOS or polycystic syndrome can be found in a few reproductive age women. But how can one know that a woman has developed this disorder?
To explain this Dr. Garima Tyagi says the symptoms of PCOS usually develop at puberty or during the first menstrual period. It can sometimes develop at a later stage, mostly due to gain in weight. There is no release of egg regularly in women with PCOS.
A woman having an irregular period and the gap between each period is more than 35 days and it is heavy. This can be one of the symptoms of PCOS.
Some women do have an excess of the androgen-the male hormone. This also may lead to PCOS. This can be symbolized by an excess of body hair in the woman.
The ovaries may be enlarged and have follicles surrounding the eggs preventing the ovaries to proper release of eggs and function with ease.
If you observe some of the above-mentioned symptoms and are not able to conceive then the doctor may need to check for PCOS.
An obese woman is most likely to develop this disorder but the exact cause is not known why a woman develops PCOS.
Some other underlying causes can be excess insulin which in turn increases the production of androgen in women. This may lead to PCOS. another cause is low-grade inflammation which in turn stimulates the polycystic ovaries to produce androgens. This can then lead to blood vessel and heart problems too.
Another cause can be heredity.
Due to PCOS, your body can face a few complications like infertility, miscarriage or premature birth, gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure.
When you visit the doctor seeing a few of these symptoms you may have to undergo some tests like a pelvic exam, blood test, and an ultrasound scan. This will help the doctor to confirm the PCOS and also its severity.
Based on these tests the doctor may recommend some kind of treatment. The doctor can prescribe certain medications along with advising some lifestyle changes. Also, you may need to make some changes in the diet like reducing the carbohydrate content and including food that have more dietary fiber. Exercising also can help reduce weight which in turn will enhance the healing process of PCOS.