Among many of the disorders of the female genetic system uterine fibroids is one. These are abnormal growths in the uterus but are most of the time benign in nature. But says Dr. Garima Tyagi a gynecologist there is no cause for worry.

Further adding this doctor of Shree Narayan Hospital Ghaziabad says that the reasons why some women develop them are not clearly known till date. Also, it is found that certain factors may trigger their formation. The most common are hormone imbalance and family history.

Usually, no symptoms are experienced by a person who has fibroid growth. In case they are large they may cause abdominal pain, heavy periods and the like.

Dr. Garima Tyagi

Fibroids are differentiated into four types depending on the location of their formation

  • INTRAMURAL FIBROIDS form within the muscular wall of the uterus and many a time grow big and extend toward the womb.
  • SUBSEROSAL FIBROIDS are formed on the Serosa, the outer side of the uterus. Can grow large and make the womb appear larger.
  • PEDUNCULATED FIBROIDS when a stem is developed in the Subserol tumor then it can be termed as Pedunculated Fibroids.
  • SUBMUCOSAL FIBROIDS grow on the Myometrium, the middle layer of the uterine muscle. These are not common but they accompany heavy menstrual bleeding if such growth is seen in any woman. It may also cause trouble conceiving.

The cause of the fibroid growth is unclear yet it is deduced that some factors that can set off their formation are hormones, pregnancy and family history.

Female hormones progesterone and estrogen are produced in the ovaries each month and help with the regeneration of the uterine lining during the menstrual cycle each month. These may kindle the formation of fibroids.

Like many disorders, uterine fibroids are found to run in the family. If anyone in the family was diagnosed with fibroids it is advisable to get yourself checked for their presence by the age of 30.

Estrogen and progesterone production increases during pregnancy. This also may influence the fibroid growth during this gestation period.

To diagnose their presence usually a CT scan, MRI or pelvic exam. Depending on its growth the treatment plan will be determined whether it is by surgery or only by medicine.

So it is advisable for every woman above 30 to get herself tested for the presence of this benign growth and take the necessary step.

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